Dukes, AL. 2005.
BH 15:115-135. CELD ID 21535
|Entering the Sabbath of history|
Torah sages have termed the current and previous generations the "Friday afternoon" of G-d's week-long plan for "this world." This is based on the concept that a day in G-d's time equals a thousand years in human time. Just as G-d created the world in six days and rested on the seventh, so, too, there are to be six millennia of human history and then a seventh, entirely different millennium that will elevate the previous six thousand years to holiness. The Hebrew calendar starts with the sixth day of Creation, when G-d breathed spiritual life into Adam. Starting from there, the Friday afternoon of human history should have started in the Hebrew year 5750 (1990 CE). Before then, however, Torah sages had already proclaimed that we had entered Friday afternoon. Examination of the Torah sources leads to the conclusion that the formula "G-d's day = 1000 years" is only first-order approximation. I present here tow attempts to reach a more precise definition of the human year equivalence on the length of "G-d's years." One attempt is based on Nahmanides' commentary that each of the six millennia is a thematic epoch of events corresponding to its Creation day counterpart. This suggests a value somewhat smaller than a thousand years for one of G-d's days, which is then found to have confirmation in fundamental historical events and eras not mentioned by Nahmanides, occurring as "predicted" by the smaller value. The second attempt is made by finding which Divine day length maximizes the concordance of expected transition points (sunset, midnight, sunrise, and noon of the Divine day) with dates of important historical events, as indicated independently in the authoritative compilation of Jewish chronology, Seder Ha-Dorat. The precise Divine plan directing history becomes strikingly apparent when viewed in this way. Conclusion: It is already time to prepare for the seventh "day" of messianic redemption.